Ferrari Car Engines - F430 engine, Spider, 599 and more
Ferrari's unique blend
of engines. Ferrari's
have always represented elegance,
performance, cutting-edge technology and passion - a passion that is as tangible
in today's V8- and V12-engines.They
are available at enginesandgearboxes.co.uk as used, recon or secondhand.
With cars like the F430 Spider,
599 GTB Fiorano, 612 Scaglietti and many older models such as F430,
308, Super America, 12 Cylinder Rear Engine, Special Series. Some of
these dating back as far as 1981.
Ferrari is an Italian sports car manufacturer
and is amongst the most desirable
of vehicles to own and drive, and are one of the ultimate status symbols of wealth
in the world. Great time and care is taken in the design amnd manufacture of Ferrari
car engines. Right from the outset, Ferrari's road cars were developed directly
from its motor sports experience. That's a heritage that few other manufacturers
was rare among automobile manufacturers in attempting to build a straight-2
automobile engine. The racing prototype never made it to production.
A straight-two engine or parallel twin
is a two cylinder piston engine that has its cylinders arranged in a single row.
It is often improperly referred to as a "straight twin". A true straight
twin engine uses a common crank pin for both cylinders; engines with separate crank
pins for each cylinder are more properly called inline or straight two cylinder
engines, abbreviated as "I-2".
Straight two cylinder designs are mostly used on motorcycles, but in the past they
have also been used in very small cars and farm equipment. No current production
car uses an I-2 engine; even the smallest displacement cars now use at least a straight-3
because of its superior vibration characteristics.
Most of the British four-stroke cycle straight two cylinder engines had a crank
angle of 360°, which means that both pistons have to be in the same position and
move in same direction all the time. This leads to a working cycle every 360°. The
mechanical balance of this design is no better than that of a similar displacement
one-cylinder engine, because the forces of both cylinders add up. The advantage
is that the firing is regular, with one cylinder firing each revolution of the crankshaft.
Japanese motorcycles, with the exception of Yamaha, use a crank angle of 180°. This
leads to fewer vibrations but uneven firing. The sound of these engines is distinctly
With the two-stroke cycle, the crank angle is generally 180°, and a working cycle
every 180°. Such an engine will produce fewer vibrations.
16 Ferrari Lampredi
also modified his four into a straight-6 for racing use. The straight-6 (also inline-6,
I-6, or I6) is an internal combustion engine with six cylinders aligned in a single
row. The name slant-6 is sometimes used when the cylinders are at an angle from
the vertical. Straight-6 engines
have perfect primary and secondary balance and require no balance shaft. Usually
a straight-6 was used for engine displacements between about 2.5 and 4.0 L. It was
also sometimes used for smaller engines but these, although very smooth running,
tended to be rather expensive to manufacture and they where inevitably physically
longer than alternative layouts. The smallest production straight-6 was found in
the Benelli 750 Sei motorcycle, displacing 747.7 cc (0.75 L / 45.6 cu in). The largest
are used to power ships and have displacements of 1,000 L or more. Straight-6 engines
were historically more common than V6s, mainly because the length of such engines
was not such a concern in rear wheel drive vehicles but also because V6s (unlike
the crossplane V8) were difficult to make smooth-running. The widespread use of
front-wheel-drive and transverse ("east-west") engine configurations in
smaller cars saw that the shorter engine length of the V6 became highly desirable,
and these days most six-cylinder engines are made in the V configuration.
V6. Ferrari's Dino
project of the 1960s gave birth to the company's well-known V8 and lesser-known
V6 engines. This Vittorio Jano design formed the basis of the company's modern engines
right up through the mid-2000s. A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders. It
is the second most common engine configuration in modern cars after the inline four;
it shares with that engine a compactness well suited to the popular front-wheel
drive layout, and is becoming more common as car weights increase. The first V6
was introduced by Lancia in 1950 with the Lancia Aurelia. Other manufacturers took
note and soon other V6 engines were in use. In 1959, GMC introduced a heavy duty
305 cubic inch (5 liter 60-degree V6 for use in their pickup trucks and Suburbans,
an engine design that was later enlarged to 478 cubic inches (7.8 liters) for heavy
truck and bus use. The design really took off after the 1962 introduction of the
Buick Special, which offered a 90 degree V6 with an uneven firing order that shared
some parts commonality with a small Buick V8 of the period. Modern V6 engines commonly
range in displacement from 2.5 L to 4.0 L, though larger and smaller examples have
The Dino V8 family
lasted from the early 1960s through 2004 when it was replaced by a new Ferrari /
Maserati design. The V8 is a very common configuration for large automobile engines.
V8 engines are rarely less than 3 L in displacement and in automobile use have gone
up to 8.5 L or so.
The V8 is a common engine configuration in the highest echelons of motorsport, the
most common V angle for a V8 by far is 90°. This configuration produces a wide,
low engine with optimal firing and vibration characteristics. Since many V6 and
V10 engines are derived from V8 designs, they often use the 90° angle as well, but
sometimes with balance shafts or more complex cranks to even the firing cycle. However,
some V8s use different angles.
V10 Ferrari is rumored
to be working on a 5.0 L version of the Ferrari / Maserati V8 for a decade-ending
V10. Ferrari / Maserati engine, 2009? 5.0 L. A V10 engine is a V engine with 10
cylinders in two banks of five. The V10 configuration is not an inherently balanced
design like a straight-6 or V12. It can be balanced with crankshaft counterweights
as an odd firing 90 degree V engine (BMW M5, Dodge Viper). It can be balanced with
a balance shaft as an even firing 72 degree engine, or with a split crankshaft journal
90 degree V angle.
V12 Ferrari is best-known
for its V12 and flat-12. A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders. Like
a straight-6, this configuration has perfect primary
and secondary balance no matter which V angle is used and therefore needs no balance
shafts. A V12, with two banks of six cylinders angled at 60° or 180° from each other,
has even firing with power pulses delivered twice as often per revolution as, and
is smoother than a straight-6 because there is always positive net torque output,
as with an engine with 7 or more cylinders. This allows for great refinement in
a luxury car; in a racing car, the rotating parts can be made much lighter and thus
more responsive, since there is no need to use counterweights on the crankshaft
as is needed in a 90° V8 and less need for the inertial mass in a flywheel to smooth
out the power delivery. In a large, heavy-duty engine, a V12 can run slower than
smaller engines, prolonging engine life.