Mitsubishi Engines - 4x4 Used Japanese Engines, Shogun, Legacy, Pinin
Their car engines can be found
at Engines and Gear Boxes in used,
reconditioned or secondhand condition.
All Mitsubishi engines have a 100% warranty and shipping is worldwide.
Mitsubishi use a four-digit naming
convention. The first (digit) signifies
the number of cylinders; "2" = straight-2, "3" = straight-3,
"4" = straight-4, "6" = V6, "8" = V8. The second
(letter) formerly referred to the fuel type; "D" = diesel,
"G" = gasoline. However, since the 1980s, this has changed. Two engine
families were introduced using the letter "A" to denote that all the engines
in the family had an alloy cylinder head. Their latest engines, however, do not
follow any previous conventions (e.g. 4M4x, 3B2x, etc). The third (digit)
previously denoted the engine family. Five of the "4Gxx" straight-4 engine
families had distinct names; "4G1" = Orion, "4G3" = Saturn,
"4G4" = Neptune, "4G5" = Astron, and "4G6" = Sirius.
The fourth (digit) is the specific engine model within the family.
It is not a guide to its place within that family, nor is it a guide to the capacity
of the engine. There may also be supplementary letters after the initial four characters.
"T" can indicate that the engine is turbocharged (e.g. 4G63T), "B"
that this is the second version of the engine (e.g. 4G63B). Where engine codes are
used which include the supplemental letters, the first digit denoting the number
of cylinders may be omitted, so 4G63T may be seen as G63T. Check out deals on our
Japanese engines too.
Two cylinder. Mitsubishi's
smallest powerplants, most commonly found in their earliest models in the 1960s:
- 2G — First introduced in the second
generation Minica in 1969 to replace the two-stroke ME21 powerplant. The 2G10 was
an OHV, like its predecessor, but in 1972 a new OHC design called Vulcan was introduced
which saw service throughout the 1970s.
ME21 — A 359 cc twin cylinder OHV engine in the 360 pickup truck and the first generation
NE19A — The 493 cc twin cylinder engine in the Mitsubishi 500, the first passenger
car built by the company after the Second World War.
Three cylinder. Mitsubishi's
smallest modern engines are primarily designed for the Japanese-market kei car class:
- 3A9x — The 3A91 used in the new
Colt in 2005.
3B2x — The 3B20, found in the 2003 Mitsubishi i, uses a 660 cc DOHC with the company's
MIVEC variable valve timing and an intercooled turbocharger, and was designed with
the aim of exceeding Japan's 2010 fuel economy requirements.
3G — Introduced in the 1980s, initially as a 550 cc, and enlarged to 657 cc in 1990
when changes in kei car regulations permitted. High performance versions used a
15v head, and can claim the distinction of being the first production engine to
feature five valves per cylinder, beating rival designs from Bugatti, Toyota and
Audi to the market by at least a year. The 3G83T in the Minica Dangan was the first
turbocharged kei car available in Japan.
Four cylinder. Mitsubishi
has developed twelve families of straight-4 engines:
- 4A3x — A 660 cc engine designed
for kei cars in 1994, enlarged to 1100 cc in 1999.
4A9x — A 1.3 and 1.5 L engine introduced in the 2003 Colt.
4B — The newest family of straight-4 engines being developed in a joint-venture
with DaimlerChrysler and Hyundai known as the Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
(GEMA), all featuring aluminum engine block, DOHC heads, 4 valves per cylinder and
MIVEC variable valve timing. The first of these are the 4B11 2.0 L and 4B12, a 2.4
L fitted to the 2007 Lancer and Outlander.
4DRx — Two 2659 cc straight-4 turbodiesels, 4DR5 and 4DR6, fitted to the company's
Jeep which it built under licence from Willys between 1953 and 1998.
4G1x "Orion" — 1.2 L to 1.6 L. First introduced in the 1978 Colt, and
now the basis for the high performance variant of the 2003 version.
4G3x "Saturn" — Ranging in size from 1.2 L to 1.8 L, this family first
saw service in the 1969 Colt Galant.
4G4x "Neptune" — 1.2 L to 1.4 L straight-4 engines available in the Lancer
and Galant in 1979.
4G5x "Astron" — Offered from 1972 in capacities from 2.0 L to 2.6 L, the
Astron family pioneered the modern use of twin balance shafts in a straight-4 configuration.
The system, introduced in 1975 and dubbed "Silent Shaft", built on the
patents of Frederick Lanchester which Mitsubishi had obtained, and proved a lucrative
venture when it was licensed to numerous other manufacturers.
4D5x "Astron" diesel — Also part of the "Astron" family, the
2.3 L was the first diesel engine to be fitted to a Japanese passenger car. The
subsequent 2.5 L version, introduced in 1986, is still in production, a popular
choice in its line of pickup trucks where it is regarded as rugged, reliable and
inexpensive to maintain.
4G6x "Sirius" — Available in capacities from 1.6 L to 2.4 L, this was
the favoured performance variant for Mitsubishi. The 4G61T powered their Colt Turbo,
while the 4G63T, first introduced in the 1980 Galant, went on to see service in
the Sapporo and Starion coupés during the so-called "turbo era" of the
1980s, before creating for itself an illustrious motorsport heritage as the powerplant
under the hood of the World Rally Championship-winning Lancer Evolution. A UK-market
Evo known as the FQ400 had a 298 kW (405 PS) version of the Sirius, making it the
most powerful car ever sold by Mitsubishi.
4G9x — 1.5 L to 2.0 L. The first modern gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine,
in the Mitsubishi Carisma, was an 1834 cc 4G93 straight-4.
4M — Mitsubishi's replacement for the "Astron" diesel, available as a
2.8 L, and later as a 3.2 L with direct injection.
KE — A range of OHV straight-4s powering the Colt range in the 1960s.
Six cylinder. Mitsubishi
has three families of V6 engines, which have seem use in its midsize lines, coupés
- 6A — The smallest of these, the
1.6 L, was introduced in the Mitsubishi Mirage MX in 1992, and remains the smallest
modern production V6. Larger versions powered the higher-spec versions of their
family cars, with both the 6A12 2.0 L and the 6A13 2.5 L being given twin-turbo
setups for the latter generations of the Mitsubishi Galant VR-4.
6B — The newest family of V6 engines featuring DOHC and SOHC heads and MIVEC variable
valve timing. The first of these is the 6B31 3.0 L fitted to the 2007 Outlander.
6G "Cyclone V6" — First seen in the 1986 Debonair and Diamante as a 2.0
L and 3.0 L, it has been the flagship powerplant of the company except when they
briefly built a V8 in 1999-2001. The staple of their high-end sedans, it was given
twin-turbos for the Mitsubishi GTO, and became the most powerful car ever built
by the company at the time. Subsequent 3.5 L versions were also popular in their
SUV range, especially with GDI. Now expanded to 3.8 L with the 6G75 which underpins
the newest versions of the Galant, Eclipse and Australian-built Mitsubishi 380.
KE64 — A straight-6 derivative of the KE4x straight-4 engines developed for the
first Debonair from the 1960s Mitsubishi Colt.
"Saturn 6" — A 2.0 L straight-6 variant of the Saturn straight-4 was made
for the Mitsubishi Debonair in the 1970s to replace the KE64.
Eight cylinder. 8A
— For its Japan-only Proudia and Dignity models, Mitsubishi built an alloy-headed
4.5 L V8 with GDI. The vehicles proved unsuccessful, and were quickly discontinued.
However, the range had been developed in conjunction with the Hyundai Motor Company,
whose Hyundai Equus fared much better.
Other engines. GEMA
engine — See the 4B range above.
Some of their Current vehicles
are: Challenger, Colt, Eclipse, Galant, Grandis, Grunder and more.
Some of their past vehicles
are: Airtrek, Aspire, Carisma, Celeste, Chariot, Cordia, Debonair and more.
Some of their Concepts &
prototypes are: ASX, Concept-CT MIEV, Concept D-5, Concept-EZ and more.